What Parts Make Up the Suspension System?

The suspension system of a vehicle is an essential component that plays a crucial role in ensuring a smooth and comfortable ride. The suspension system is responsible for absorbing the bumps and vibrations on the road, and providing stability to the vehicle. It is comprised of several parts that work together to provide a comfortable ride and maintain control over the car. 
Here are some of the most essential components that make up the suspension system:


Springs are the primary component that absorbs shocks from the road. They are typically made from metal or plastic and are designed to compress and expand as the car passes over rough terrain. The spring rate is a measure of how much force is required to compress the spring, and it determines the firmness of the ride.

Shock Absorbers/Shocks

Shocks are hydraulic dampers that are designed to control the movement of the springs. They work by converting the kinetic energy from the spring into heat, which is then dissipated into the air. Shock absorbers are designed to reduce the impact of road shocks and vibrations on the vehicle, making the ride smoother and more comfortable.


Struts are a combination of a spring and a shock absorber in a single unit. They are typically used in the front suspension, and they help to control the vertical motion of the wheels. Struts are designed to provide stability to the vehicle, and to prevent excessive body roll during cornering.

Control Arms

Control arms are the parts that connect the wheel to the car's frame. They are designed to control the up-and-down motion of the wheel, and to prevent it from moving too far in either direction. Control arms also play a critical role in maintaining the alignment of the wheel, which is essential for stability and handling.

Ball Joints

These are the pivots that connect the control arm to the wheel. They allow the wheel to move up and down, as well as to pivot from side to side. Ball joints are designed to provide a smooth and stable movement of the wheel, and to prevent excessive vibrations or noise.

Sway Bars

Sway bars are designed to control the side-to-side motion of the vehicle. They work by transferring the force from one side of the vehicle to the other, which helps to reduce body roll and improve stability. Sway bars are typically found in the front suspension, and they are designed to help the vehicle maintain control during high-speed cornering.

As you can tell, the suspension system is a complex network of parts that work together to provide a smooth and comfortable ride and to maintain stability and control over the vehicle. By understanding the different components that make up the suspension system, you can get a better appreciation for how your vehicle works and why it is essential to keep the suspension system in good condition. 

If your vehicle requires suspension system repairs, please bring your vehicle to the trusted experts at Strande's Garage for a thorough inspection and repair.